Wednesday, January 14, 2009

Register Of RMN Active List Ships - Primary Combatants

Positioned For A Deterrent Capability

The vast South China Sea separates Malaysia's territory and it is situated in an archipelago containing the world's main sea lines of communication. The importance of these sea lines to the economic prosperity of Malaysia cannot be over emphasised. The sea is not only a source of food and mineral resources, it is also the highway over which oil and bulk commodities are transported. Since the 1980's, Malaysia has been reorienting its force structure to a posture designed to protect maritime and territorial claims in the South China Sea. Although there are still several unresolved territorial disputes in the region involving Malaysia, an all-out war between the states involved is unlikely. However, the potential for low intensity conflict does exist, and in such situations, isolated skirmishes can break out in short notice as experienced in the confrontation with Indonesia. As such, the RMN must be ready to face any challenge to the nation's sovereignty at all times. In this case, the strength and determination of the forces involved will decide the outcome of the engagement.

From a modest beginning, the Royal Malaysian Navy is today at the threshold of evolving into a credible force capable of defending the country's maritime interests. In the fast changing world of naval technology and development, the RMN is heading towards a more dynamic and challenging era. Skilled manpower numbers are set to increase, new vessels and weaponry continue to be purchased and the possibility of establishing more strategically located bases throughout the country is being considered. Operating only with a WW2-era frigate as her main combatant in the first decade of independent operation, the RMN's fleet has now grown into a force with several multi-role vessels ready for three-dimensional warfare to better safeguard Malaysian waters, including two latest frigates considered to be among the most sophisticated in the world.

The acquisition of sophisticated vessels incorporating the latest technologies like stealth, with greater firepower and speed will increase the probability of victory, as the navy was not strengthened just to lose the fight. Moreover, by acquiring modern helicopters like the Super Lynx, the navy finally has long-range patrol capability as well as over the horizon targeting ability. The coming induction of modern Scorpene diesel submarines will also add a new dimension in the capabilities of the fleet. In the meantime, the RMN's present combat assets as described herein are being optimally utilised to conduct missions of maritime surveillance,patrol and constabulary. The final Order of Battle(ORBAT) of the RMN will be that of a balanced and credible force to meet the maritime strategy of presence and sea control (Sea Denial and Sea Assertion). With the development of a lean and mean fighting force, the RMN now have a deterrent capability to keep potential aggressors at home. That in itself is already a victory for a peaceful country like Malaysia.

Lekiu Class FFG
Jebat F-29 1995/1999
Lekiu F-30 1995/1999

In 1999, two Yarrow F-2000 based Lekiu class frigates ordered in 1992 was commissioned by the Royal Malaysian Navy(RMN) after a delay of more than three years due to software integration problems. Built by GEC-Yarrow, these advanced frigates are heavily armed with a Bofors 57mm Mk2 gun, SeaWolf VLS surface to air missile system, MM-40 Exocet SSMs, Whitehead ASW torpedoes and an advanced electronic warfare suite. This makes the frigates one of the most capable surface combatants in South East Asia, capable of countering multiple air, surface and sub-surface threats. The frigates are also designed with stealth elements to enable it to have a low radar cross section. Combat proven in the Falklands conflict, the Sea Wolf missile has an anti-missile capability that will provide the RMN with a much needed advanced Anti Air Warfare system in the frigates' role as front-line defence vessels. The frigates are also the navy's first vessels that embark a helicopter with a hangar facility for all-weather deployment. With high-tech surface and air-tracking radar complemented with an integrated combat data system, these vessels are lethal adversaries to the maritime threats in Malaysian waters. With such all-around capabilities, the frigates will be able to operate independently and fight their own battles, if necessary.

Displacement: 1845 tons standard, 2,270 tons full load
Dimensions: 105.5m x 12.8m x 3.6 m
Guns: 1x 57mm/70 Bofors SAK Mk2 DP, 2x 30/75mm MSI DS 30B. (Range : Main 19 Km/11 Km, Aux : 10 Km/3.5 Km)
Missile: 2x 4 Launchers for eight MM40 Block II missiles, 16 VL SeaWolf (Upgrade Contract to Block 2 Standard 2007). (Range : SSM 75 Km, SAM 6 Km)
ASW: 2x Triple 324mm Eurotorp torpedo tubes for A244S ASW torpedoes. (Range : 7 Km)
Electronics: Nautis F combat control system, CSF ITL70, Radamec System 2400 Optronic Weapon Director, Type V 3001 thermal imager, Racal 20V90 navigation radar, 2 x 1802 SW tracker radar, Sea Giraffe 150HC search radar, Signaal DA08 air search radars, Mentor 2V1 ESM and Scimitar ECM systems, Telegon 10 communications ESM, Spherion TSM 2633 LF Variable Depth Sonar, ML Aviation Super Barricade decoy chaff launcher system, Graseby Sea Siren Torpedo Decoys, Link Y Mk2.
Propulsion: 4 x MTU 20V 1163 TB93 diesels totalling 33,300hp, 2 controllable pitch propellers
Speed: 28 knots, range 9260 Km at 14 knots
Crew : 146
Aircraft: 1 Super Lynx, Hangar platform aft.

Kasturi Class FFG

Kasturi F-25 1982/1984
Lekir F-26 1982/1984

The main strength of the Royal Malaysian Navy was previously made up of two FS 1500 type ASW frigates built by Germany's Howaldstswerke Deutsche Werft (HDW). Two additional planned units (F27,F28) were however not built. With high automation levels, these are very capable vessels by SEA standards but were initially rated as corvettes although they are larger and vastly more capable than the Rahmat frigate. The frigates are armed with a Creusot Loire 100mm Compact gun to provide shore bombardment and fire power against air and surface targets. Anti air and anti surface armaments are augmented by a Bofors 57mm and twin 30mm Emerlec guns both fitted aft. For anti submarine warfare they are equipped with medium range active sonar and twin barrels 375mm Bofors Anti Submarine mortar. The vessels were initially equipped with four MM38 Exocet surface to surface missiles but have been upgraded to MM-40 missiles during a Mid Life Upgrade. The program also consisted of an upgrade of the command and control system, sonar as well as the installation of a new Thales DR3000S ESM suite. It was planned that they be given telecospic hangars for the helicopter pad but these has been indefinititely shelved. It has been reported that the navy would also like to replace the Bofors 375mm ASW launcher with a torpedo mount and to install a Close In Weapons System such as the Phalanx or Goalkeeper systems. These proposed refits will surely further enhance the frigates to become truly multi-capable fighting platforms for the navy. Displacement: 1500 standard, 1850 full load
Dimensions: 97.3m x 11.3m x 3.5m
Guns: 1 x 100mm/55 Creusot Loire Compact MK2, 1 x 57mm/70 Bofors SAK Mk 1, 2x 30mm/85 Emerson Electric Mk74 twin mountings. (Range: Main1 17.5Km/6Km, Main2 19Km/11Km, Aux : 10Km/3.5Km)
Missiles : Initial 2x Twin container launchers for four MM38 Exocets. (Range : SSM 42 Km), After Refit 2x 4 Launchers for eight MM40 Block II missiles. (Range : SSM 75 Km)
ASW: Bofors 375mm twin barrel ASW Mortar (6 tubes), (Range : 3625 metres)
Electronics: Daisy Sewaco-MA Combat Data System with Signaal DA.08, Decca TM1226C radar, one radar used with the WM-22 gun fire control system, two Signaal LIOD Optronic gun directors, Atlas Elektronics ASO 84-5 (DSQS-21C) sonar, ESM with RAPIDS warning and Scimitar jamming elements, Link Y Mk2 , 2 CSEE dagaie trainable decoy systems, IFF Mk10.
Propulsion: 4x MTU 20V 1163 TB92 diesels totalling 23400hp to two shafts.
Speed: 28knots, range 9260Km at 14 knots
Crew: 124
Aircraft: 1 Super Lynx, Platform Aft

Kedah Class FFL/NGPV

KD Kedah 171 2001/2006
KD Pahang 172 2001/ 2006
KD Perak 173 2007/2009
KD Terengganu 174 2007/2009
KD Kelantan 175 2008/2010
PV Selangor 176 2009/????

After financial misadventures that threatened the whole project and delayed the delivery of the first two vessels, these patrol vessels have finally been commissioned into the fleet. These vessels are part of the RMN's project that calls for the construction of 27 patrol vessels to be built over a 15-year period. An agreement was signed in February 1998 for the first six OPVs after intense competition when the German Naval Group (GNG) made up of Blohm & Voss, Thyssen, Ferostall and HDW was selected to supply the vessels. The GNG in partnership with a Malaysian company, the Naval Dockyard Sdn Bhd constructed the first 2 ships in Germany while the modules for the other 4 units are assembled locally. The design chosen is based on the Meko A-100 design that incorporates a modular design concept to provide versatility. The design also incorporates stealth characteristics and hot spots reduction technology. This involves shaping the superstructure to create angled surfaces that will emit low radar signatures to reduce the size of the cross section dramatically. For protection against infra-red imaging, a proven cooling system for the vessel exhaust will have water fog sprays to reduce heat. Other characteristics incorporated into the OPV are low noise and economic cruising speed. The vessels will also have an Unmanned Management System for controls in their engineering areas thus reducing crew requirements. The peacetime duties of the New Generation Patrol Vessel will include the patrolling of Malaysia’s Exclusive Economic Zone and participating in disaster relief operations. In times of war, the NGPVs are to be equipped to carry out a number of operations, including ASW and AsuW, which can be easily undertaken through quick exchange of machinery, weapon and electronic systems modules under the Fitted For But Not With concept. These vessels are therefore designed to be self-defence platforms where they can operate alone or in conjunction with other surface, sub-surface and air units in peacetime and during conflicts.

Displacement: 1500 tons standard, 1,650 tons full load
Dimensions: 91.10m x 12.85m x 3.4 m
Guns : 1 x OTOBreda 76/62 Super Rapid gun , 1 x OtoBreda FSAF/Mauser 30mm MN 30 GS (Range : Main 16 Km/12 Km, Aux : 4Km/2.5 Km)
Missile: fitted for 2 x 2 Launchers for four MM40 Block II missiles, RIM-116 RAM
Electronics : COSYS 110 M1 Combat Management Systems with Oerlikon Contraves TMX and TMEO optronic fire control, Atlas 9600M navigation radar, EADS TRS-3D/16ES air search, Thales Type 242 ESM? Thales Scorpion ECM? STN Atlas ELAC Nautic NDS3060 Sonars, Sippicon ALEX decoy control and launching system.
Propulsion: 2 Caterpillar 3616 DITA diesels at 14617hp, 2 shafts Kamewa controllable pitch propellers
Speed : 27 knots, range 11,205 Km at 12 knots
Crew: 78 +15
Aircraft : 1 SN355 Fennec, hangar platform aft.

Laksamana Class FSG

Laksamana Hang Nadim F134 1987/97
Laksamana Tun Abdul Jamil F135 1987/97
Laksamana Muhammad Amin F136 1987/99
Laksamana Tan Pusmah F137 1987/99

In July 1997, 2 Laksamana class corvettes the RMN ordered from Fincantieri were commissioned at the Muggiano shipyard in Italy. Variants of the Assad class built for Libya, these four ships were originally built for the Iraqi Navy as the Al Walid class but the supply of the missile corvettes was stopped by United Nations sanctions. Before delivery some specific aspects of the ships' design were modified when the ships were refitted to meet the requirements of the Royal Malaysian Navy. A second batch of two Laksamana class corvettes was later ordered and delivered in 1999. Unlike the first two corvettes, The second batch was delivered with a more modern combat command system, including the Link Y Mk2 that enables real time exchange of data with other Royal Malaysian Navy surface assets and shore bases. However, the earlier units has beeen similarly upgraded. By the standards of South East Asian navies, these are very dangerous corvettes, with their offensive capabilities balanced by the Aspide SAMs. With newly acquired mid-flight helicopter targeting (tele-guidance) capability, the corvettes' Otomat Surface to Surface Missile(SSM) accuracy will be devastating thus making them more dangerous than a comparable sized warship. Together with their ASW capability, these corvettes are potent additions to the RMN fleet.

Displacement: 650 tons standard, 705 tons full load
Dimensions: 62.3m x 9.3m x 2.5m
Guns: 1 x 76mm/62 OTO Melara Super Rapid, 1 x Twin Breda 40mm/70. (Range : Main 16 Km/12 Km, Aux : 13 Km/9 Km)
Missile: Launchers for 6x Otomat Teseo Mk2, 1 x Albatross Quad launcher for 12 Aspide SAM. (Range : SSM 40 Km, 100-180 Km tele-guided, SAM 14 Km)
ASW: 2x triple ILAS3 324mm torpedo tubes for A244S ASW torpedoes. (Range : 7 Km)
Electronics: IPN-S Combat Command System, including Selenia RAN12L/X, Kelvin Hughes 1007, 2x RTN 10X fire control radars used with Mk10 Argo fire control system, ASO 94-41 sonar, INS-3B and RON-5 ESM and TQN-2BB ECM, Link Y Mk2. Breda 105 mm 6-tube Decoy launcher
Propulsion: 4x MTU 20V 956 TB92 diesels giving 20,120hp to four shafts
Speed: 36knots, range 6436 Km at 18 knots
Crew: 56

No comments: